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ECOSYSTEM

A composition at one with the land and nature.

Winery

The “less is more” maxim is taken very seriously in the winery. The main focus is on manual labour, the quality of the oak and respect for how long different things take. Employing small-scale production, there are single-plot wines and others bottle-aged for years.

The grapes are treated with the utmost respect and care, then processed with minimal use of technology. Ageing wine in subtle oak takes time and patience – and this dedication can be felt in the wines.

Vineyards

There are nine vineyards, divided into 38 sections: Leonilde, Choupal, Monte, Alto, Taco, Cabido, Sobreira de Cima, Sobreira de Baixo and Ribeira. Apart from all being certified as organic, they’re all unique. We have vineyards that were planted four decades ago, while others are just months old. The soils vary: some are sandy, loamy, clay rich, granite based, others quartz based. There are 53 disperse hectares, 60% of which are non-irrigated. We prioritise indigenous grape varieties, the best acidity levels or the lowest alcohol content.

Our grape varieties are Alicante Bouschet (AB), Touriga Franca (TF), Touriga Nacional (TN), Cabernet (CS), Petit Verdot (PV), Tinta Miuda (TM), Syrah (S), Arinto (A), Roupeiro (R), Antão Vaz (AV), Chardonnay (C), Alvarinho (AL).

Walnut Groves

There are several groves in Tapada de Coelheiros, the oldest being in its thirties. Different walnut varieties are produced in different groves.

Olive Grove

Planted in around two hectares of fertile soil, the olive grove is around 60 years old.

Traditionally spaced and very dense, the canopies are so wide they touch one another, while protecting the soil with their extensive shade.

Pine Forest

There are three clusters of stone pines. Due to the different types that exist and the pines’ varied characteristics (age, size), there are small woods within the huge pine forest. As its name suggests, Pinhal do Alto is very tall, which allows for different strata of trees and shrubs.

Montado

The montado inspires all the estate’s crops and may be, for that reason, the most important of all. There are 650 hectares of cork oaks (70%) and holm oaks (30%) in this multi-faceted system. The montado, which is a unique type of agroforestry, plays a vital role in carbon sequestration and creates a virtually perfect system.

The wood contains a range of species (accommodating sheep and deer, as well as seed sown meadows) and natural regeneration is protected (there are over 3,000 baby cork oaks, adult cork oaks and holm oaks).